Words of the June Month [Part 3]

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1.   redoubt \rih-DOWT\ , noun:   

1. A small and usually temporary defensive fortification.
2.
 A defended position or protective barrier.
3.
 A secure place of refuge or defense; a stronghold.

 Evicting the intruders from their mountain redoubts with ground forces alone was beginning to look like a protracted and expensive task.

— “Kashmir’s violent spring”, The Economist, May 29, 1999

First, Milosevic himself will be absent, apparently fearful of leaving his redoubt in Belgrade.
— “Lessons of Balkans Applied to Kosovo”, New York Times, February 1, 1999

 

2.   arbitrage \AR-buh-trahzh\ , noun:  

The nearly simultaneous purchase of a good or asset in one market where the price is low, and sale of the same good or asset in another market where the price is higher.

If the market exchange rate deviates from par, there is opportunity for arbitrage by exchanging the cheaper currency for gold, shipping the gold to the other country, converting the gold into the other currency, and converting the proceeds into the cheaper currency on the market.
— Milton Friedman, Money Mischief

There are undoubtedly many arbitrage opportunities, where price transparency has failed to bring about price harmonisation.
— Nunzio Quacquarelli, “Euro optimism”, Guardian, May 28, 2002

 

3.   captious \KAP-shuhs\ , adjective:  

1. Marked by a disposition to find fault or raise objections.
2.
 Calculated to entrap or confuse, as in an argument.

 

The most common among those are captious individuals who can find nothing wrong with their own actions but everything wrong with the actions of everybody else.
— “In-Closet Hypocrites”, Atlanta Inquirer, August 15, 1998

Mr Bowman had, I think, been keeping Christmas Eve, and was a little inclined to becaptious: at least, he was not on foot very early, and to judge from what I could hear, neither men nor maids could do anything to please him.
— M. R. James, The Haunted Dolls’ House and Other Stories

Most authors would prefer readers such as Roiphe over captious academic critics.
— Steven Moore, “Old Flames”, Washington Post, November 26, 2000

With the imperturbablest bland clearness, he, for five hours long, keeps answering the incessant volley of fiery captious questions.
— Thomas Carlyle, The French Revolution

 

4.   agog \uh-GOG\ , adjective:  

Full of excitement or interest; in eager desire; eager, keen.

 

Kobe Bryant left the Minnesota Timberwolves agog after a series of eye-popping moves in a game last week.
— New York Times, February 5, 1998

He was now so interested, quite so privately agog, about it, that he had already an eye to the fun it would be to open up to her afterwards.
— Henry James, The Ambassadors

By the second day he had found his sea-legs, and with hair flying and double-waistcoats flapping, he patrolled the deck agog with excitement, questioning and noting.
— Richard Holmes, Coleridge: Darker Reflections, 1804-1834

 

5.   abscond \ab-SKOND\ , intransitive verb:  

To depart secretly; to steal away and hide oneself — used especially of persons who withdraw to avoid arrest or prosecution.

 

The criminal is not concerned with influencing or affecting public opinion: he simply wants to abscond with his money or accomplish his mercenary task in the quickest and easiest way possible so that he may reap his reward and enjoy the fruits of his labours.
— Bruce Hoffman, Inside Terrorism

Pearl, now an orphan (her father having absconded shortly after her conception), has been taken to live with her great-aunt Margaret in the north of England.
— Zoe Heller, Everything You Know

 

6.   aestival \ES-tuh-vuhl\ , adjective:   

Of or belonging to the summer; as, aestival diseases. [Spelled also estival.]

 

Far to the north and hemmed in against the Russian Bear, it is easy to overlook this land of lakes, forests, and aestival white nights.
— [i.e. Finland]

You generally get true summer in August: this year it has been unusually æstival.
— M. Collins

 

7.   scion \SY-uhn\ , noun:  

1. A detached shoot or twig of a plant used for grafting.
2.
 Hence, a descendant; an heir.

 

Convinced he was the scion of Louis Alexandre Lebris de Kerouac, a noble Breton, he was off to do genealogical research in the Paris libraries and then to locate his ancestor’s hometown in Brittany.
— Ellis Amburn, Subterranean Kerouac

Sassoon, scion of a famously wealthy Jewish banking family, had never needed to earn his living.
— Philip Hoare, Oscar Wilde’s Last Stand

Gates is the scion of an old, affluent Seattle family; Jobs is the adopted son of a machinist in Northern California.
— “Steve Jobs, Hesitant Co-Founder, Makes New Commitment to Apple”, New York Times, August 7, 1997

 

8.   irascible \ih-RASS-uh-buhl\ , adjective:  

Prone to anger; easily provoked to anger; hot-tempered.

The lawyer described his client as an irascible eighty-two-year-old eccentric who alternated between spinning fascinating tales about her past and cussing him out.
— Jack Olsen, Hastened to the Grave

His father was an irascible and boastful bully, a heavy drinker and a gambler.
— Robin Waterfield, Prophet: The Life and Times of Kahlil Gibran

 

9.   bandog \BAN-dog\ , noun:   

mastiff or other large and fierce dog, usually kept chained or tied up.

The keeper entered leading his bandog, a large bloodhound, tied in a leam, or band, from which he takes his name.
— Sir W. Scott

As fierce as a bandog that has newly broke his chain.’
— Sir George Etherege, The Comical Revenge; or, Love in a Tub

He was usually spoken of as the bandog of Burgundy, or the Alsatian mastiff.
— Scott

 

10.     ebullient \ih-BUL-yuhnt\ , adjective:  

1. Overflowing with enthusiasm or excitement; high-spirited.
2. Boiling up or over.

 

The glasses he wore for astigmatism gave him a deceptively clerkish appearance, for he had an ebullient, gregarious personality, a hot temper, and an outsized imagination.
— Jon Lee Anderson, Che Guevara: A Revolutionary Life

He was no longer an ebullient, energetic adolescent.
— Linda Simon, Genuine Reality: A Life of William James

Sometimes he would come back from the Drenchery Club holding on to the walls till he got to my office, where he’d be jolly and ebullient. At other times, he’d return morose.
— Harriet Wasserman, Handsome Is: Adventures with Saul Bellow

 

Source: Dictionary

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